Review of the Literature
This is a new section of the paper. Use APA Level 1 heading (a bold, centered text header). The Review of the literature consists of an introduction, body (with subtopics/themes) and a summary (conclusion). The subtopics/themes that are identified should be APA Level 2 headings in this section. You should have at least two Level 2 headings. Write your literature review using the third person (i.e., do not use “I”). Use the past tense to describe results (e.g.., “Ames observed that . . . “).
A literature review is a way of organizing what has been written about a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Your purpose is to convey to your reader what you have learned through a careful reading of literature related to school/family/community partnerships and the impact of this involvement on student learning. The goal of this section is to introduce the reader to the major issues and themes from experts in the field. By broadening your readers’ understanding of the major issues surrounding your research, you further solidify the credibility and trustworthiness of your work. The review of the literature section should contain no commentary, personal opinion; only synthesize the findings of the experts to give an objective review of the issues involved. Highlight areas that have been successful in a school/family/community partnerships. Also examine areas that pose challenges to the development of partnerships. The goal of the literature review is to create a coherent narrative that lays the foundation for the understanding of the impact of school/family/community partnership involvement on student learning. You will cite research from articles, studies, etc., including district or state information gathered that is pertinent to your study. There is no limit on the number of references cited but typically, six studies will suffice. You are expected to include a minimum of six current references (no more than 10 years old) that clearly support best practices that relate to your study. Use direct quotes only if you have good reason. Most of your paper should be in your own words. You should summarize and paraphrase with appropriate APA citations documenting the source of information. The review of the literature section may be several pages or many pages that explain what the current research shows about your topic. Typically, this section is four to six pages. Remember that each reference cited in the literature review should be written in APA format and included in the references section of your report.
Since there is a lot of information to convey in this section, in the introduction, you should identify the general topic, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature. Point out the overall trends in what has been published about your topic and establish your reason for reviewing the literature. In the body, the main themes/subtopics that are identified as APA Level 2 headings. As you review the articles you found on your topic, look for at least two variables or themes that are consistently described in the articles you read. See if you can divide the articles by theme of the research or any other significant factor. Make these groupings and decide what the subtopics should be based on your subgroups. These subgroups will evolve into a separate heading of the literature review. You should have at least 2 APA Level 2 headings. Finally, use an APA Level 2 heading for the summary section of your literature review.
Indent and objectively present the best information you have found relevant to your first theme. Each subheading should have at least three references.
Indent and objectively present the best information you have found relevant to your second theme. Each subtopic should have at least three references.
Text goes here. Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction. No new information should be presented or cited in the summary.
Review of the Literature